The expenditure of the Medical Department in 2011/12 was approximately £8.6 million, offset by income of £2.6million, mainly from charges for treatment of tourists and visiting fishermen. A significant proportion of this funding (around £1.2million) is derived from the Ministry of Defence. This is done via a cost-sharing agreement enshrined in a Memorandum of Understanding between Falkland Islands Government (FIG) and the MOD.

Most services, including prescriptions, are free to residents. However, charges have recently been introduced for some dental procedures, spectacles, travel vaccines and a limited number of medical services; The Government reserves the right to alter these charges when it is deemed appropriate. Charges are also levied for patients who are not entitled to free treatment in the Falkland Islands.