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Introduction

Situated in the South Atlantic, with a naval coaling station and a wireless station, the Falkland Islands, despite being so far from Europe, was seen as a strategic outpost by both sides. In August 1914 the German cruiser Dresden was in the South Atlantic and in September crossed into the Pacific Ocean.  Admiral Von Spee left Tahiti with his squadron 22 September 1914 eastward bound and on 18 October left Easter Island and by 29 October was off Valparaiso.  Admiral Craddock took his squadron to meet him and the Battle of Coronel was fought on 1 November 1914.  Admiral von Spee then set his sights on the Falkland Islands and the Battle of the Falklands was fought 8 December 1914. 

With the outbreak of World War II the Falkland Islands were again seen as being strategic due to their position and were heavily garrisoned against the perceived threat from Japan.

The local periodicals of the time, despite being subject to some censorship, are another good source of information for World War I and II and are available on our website.

WORLD WAR I 

pdfWWI - Events up to and after Battle of Falklands Nov-Dec 1914 - G17.pdf(8.35 MB)

pdfWWI - Death of Volunteers at Canache 1 Dec 1914.pdf(3.48 MB)

pdfWWI - Account of Battle of Falklands Manager FIC - FIC-D12.pdf(1 MB)

pdfWWI - People who fought people who died and people who served etc.pdf(64.25 KB)

pdfWWI - Prisoners of War.pdf(458.01 KB )

 

WORLD WAR II

pdfWWII - Evacuation of children from Stanley to Camp - 1942 - FIC-EG-18-13.pdf(1.35 MB)

pdfWWII - To from Falkland Islands Defence Force - FIDF - 1942-1944 - FIC-EG-18-12.pdf(1.47 MB)

 

Disclaimer

While every effort has been taken to ensure accuracy the Jane Cameron National Archives does not accept responsibility for any errors or omissions in these records.

Copyright guide

Copies of government records may be used freely for private research and educational purposes.  If material is to be used for commercial publication, exhibition or broadcast the written permission of the Jane Cameron National Archives must first be obtained. Whenever material from the Jane Cameron National Archives is reproduced in any form or in any medium, the user must acknowledge the Jane Cameron National Archives as the source and give all document references.  For non-government records it is your responsibility as the user to ensure that copyright is not infringed and any infringement that