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Agriculture

Introduction

When the French withdrew from Port Louis in 1767 they left behind cattle and horses which survived and multiplied. By 1842 when a civil administration was established there were considerable herds of wild cattle.  The land however, was better suited to sheep farming.

In the census of 31 March 1843 a total of 312 sheep were recorded: Governor Moody 22; Antonina Roxa 40; and John Whitington 250. Of these 200 Lincolns and 12 Leicesters had been imported from England with the remainder from the River Plate.  Unfortunately scab and foot rot were also introduced and by 1846 there were only 100 sheep. 

The Falkland Islands Company Limited was formed in 1851 and among the new company’s objectives under the Royal Charter dated 10 January 1852 was the development of sheep farming.

South American sheep did not adapt well to the climate so experiments were carried out with various breeds from England. By 1860 there were approximately 10,000 sheep on East Falkland.  West Falkland was opened up to farming in 1867 and in less than five years there were approximately 30,000 sheep recorded.  Experimentation and importation of rams continued and in the 1890s rams were being imported from New Zealand.  Professionals were also employed to improve stock, farming methods and pasture.  To date sheep farming continues to dominate with the majority of farm land given over to it. 

English romneys at Darwin FIC

English Romneys at Darwin - photo FIC Collection

 

Agriculture - Government and Other Holdings Database

This database contains a listing of the government files and miscellaneous non-government files and documents held. For ease of use the records have been sorted into categories: AGRICULTURE and FARM RECORDS (NON-GOVT) and then into sub-categories. The government records mainly cover the period post World War I to the late 1970s with some files as early as 1916.  The non-government records are mainly from the 20th Century but with some that start as early as 1861.  The database will be updated from time to time as new accessions are added.

 

pdfList of Holdings Government and Non-government.pdf(1.01 MB )

 

Disclaimer

While every effort has been taken to ensure accuracy the Jane Cameron National Archives does not accept responsibility for any errors in these records.

Copyright guide

Copies of government records may be used freely for private research and educational purposes.  If material is to be used for commercial publication, exhibition or broadcast the written permission of the Jane Cameron National Archives must first be obtained. Whenever material from the Jane Cameron National Archives is reproduced in any form or in any medium, the user must acknowledge the Jane Cameron National Archives as the source and give all document references.  For non-government records it is your responsibility as the user to ensure that copyright is not infringed and any infringement that does occur is your responsibility.

 

Introduction

The following reports are part of the collection of agricultural reports on the Falkland Islands held in the Jane Cameron National Archives.

G Stewart mowing clover Rookery Bay Feb 1945

G Stewart mowing clover at Rookery Bay February 1945

 pdfComparative Notes on Sheep Farming in the Falkland Islands and in South Patagonia by H Henniker Heaton - 1923.pdf(1.68 MB)

pdfReport of an Investigation into the Conditions and Practice of Sheep Farming in the Falkland Islands by Hugh Munro - 1924.pdf(2.59 MB)

pdfMemorandum on the Sheep Farming Industry in the Falkland Islands - 1924.pdf(2.14 MB)

pdfFalkland Islands Sheep Breeders Assn - Article of Association c 1926.pdf(137.06 KB)

pdfFalkland Islands Sheepowners Association 1928-1938.pdf(2.06 MB)

pdfThe Grasslands of the Falkland Islands by William Davies 1939.pdf(15.04 MB)

pdfTours of Inspection by Agricultural Adviser 1936-37 - D S A WEIR [AGR-GEN-1-1].pdf(2.18 MB)

pdfReport on term as Agricultural Adviser by D S A WEIR March 1940.pdf(2.14 MB)

pdfReport of the Department of Agriculture 1937-1946 by Dr Gibbs - Parts I-II.pdf(23.68 MB)

pdfReport of the Department of Agriculture 1937-1946 by Dr Gibbs - Parts III-V.pdf(27.67 MB)

pdfReport of the Department of Agriculture 1937-1946 by Dr Gibbs - Parts VI-IX.pdf(13.53 MB)

pdfReport of the Department of Agriculture 1937-1946 by Dr Gibbs - Appendices.pdf(24.8 MB)

pdfReport of the Department of Agriculture 1937-1946 by Dr Gibbs - Photographs.pdf(19.13 MB)

pdfAbstract of Report on the Work and Findings of the Department of Agriculture 1937-1946 by J G Gibbs - 1947.pdf(2.4 MB)

pdfAgricultural Department Stock Book Horses - 1957.pdf(4.68 MB)

pdfGrassland Improvement Practices in the Falkland Islands by C D Young - 1966.pdf(332.3 KB)

pdfFalkland Islands Agricultural Department - Grassland Improvement. Proceedings of a Conference held at Stanley 18 July 1966.pdf(1.3 MB)

pdfFalkland Islands Agricultural Department - Grassland Improvement. Proceedings of a Conference held at Stanley 20 and 22 July 1967.pdf(1.52 MB)

pdfReport on Pasture Improvement Experiments Carried out in the Falkland Islands During 1965-1968 by C D Young - 1968.pdf(824.43 KB)

pdfStanley Common Pasture Report by Sidney Miller - Sep 1969.pdf(2.47 MB)

pdfThe Sheep and Cattle Industries of the Falkland Islands 1971 by T H Davies I A Dickson C T McCrea H Mead W W Williams.pdf(8.48 MB)

pdfReport of the Grasslands Trials Unit 1975-79.pdf(2.47 MB)

pdfReport of the Grasslands Trials Unit 1975-79 Appendix 1 and 2.pdf(2.6 MB)

pdfReport of the Grasslands Trials Unit 1975-79 Appendix 3.pdf(2.94 MB)

pdfReport of the Grasslands Trials Unit 1975-79 Appendix 4 and 5.pdf(1.88 MB)

pdfReport of the Grasslands Trials Unit 1975-79 Appendix 6.pdf(1.29 MB)

pdfGrasslands Trial Unit 1979-80.pdf(1.21 MB )

pdfSoil Fertility in the Falkland Islands - biological activity and soil chemistry by J H McAdam - 1984.pdf(1.37 MB)

pdfEcology and Agronomy of Tussac Grass by J H McAdam D W H Walton - Jan 1990.pdf(4.57 MB)

pdfA Survey of Wool Preparation Classing and Handling in the Falkland Islands During 1990-1991 by R H B Hall DOA - Sep 1993.pdf(1.04 MB)

pdfForage Intake and Digestion by Sheep and Cattle Grazing Falkland Islands Native Pastures 2002 by Sean Miller Robin Thompson Dept of Agriculture.pdf(2.86 MB )

 

Copyright guide:

Copies of government records may be used freely for private research and educational purposes. If material is to be used for commercial publication, exhibition or broadcast the written permission of the Jane Cameron National Archives must first be obtained. Whenever material from the Jane Cameron National Archives is reproduced in any form or in any medium, the user must acknowledge the Jane Cameron National Archives as the source and give all document references. For non-government records it is your responsibility as the user to ensure that copyright is not infringed and any infringement that does occur is your responsibility.

Introduction

Section 13 of the Live Stock Ordinance 1901 (Ordinance 6 of 1901) stated:
Every farmer shall, on or before the 31st day of May in every year, make and transmit to the Chief Inspector a return in Form 5 of the First Schedule hereto.
From the return for 1954-1955 they were furnished in accordance with Section 40 of the Live Stock Ordinance, Cap. 40. As well as separate printed returns from 1902 to 1981 the returns were also published in the Falkland Islands Gazette.

From 1901 to the return of 1970/71 they were entitled Annual Stock Returns and from the 1971/72 return their title changed to Farming Statistics.

The Archives does not hold a complete set of the separate annual stock returns/farming statistics. The returns are held under series R/AGR/FAR.

From the return for 2005/06 to present date the returns can be accessed on the Department of Agriculture’s website.

 Sheep imported from NZ 1940

1940 - Sheep Imported from New Zealand

pdfAnnual stock returns 1901 to 1909.pdf(7.05 MB)

pdfAnnual Stock Returns 1910 to 1919-20.pdf(11.65 MB)

pdfAnnual stock returns 1920-21 to 1929-30.pdf(9.05 MB)

pdfAnnual stock returns 1930-31 to 1939-40.pdf(7.57 MB)

pdfAnnual stock returns 1940-41 to 1949-50.pdf(5.58 MB)

pdfAnnual stock returns 1950-51 to 1959-60.pdf(6.68 MB)

pdfAnnual stock returns 1960-61 to 1969-70.pdf(7.53 MB)

pdfFarming statistics 1970-1 to 1979-80.pdf(7.55 MB)

pdfFarming statistics 1980-1 to 1989-90.pdf(11.07 MB)

pdfFarming statistics 1990-1 to 1994-95.pdf(13.33 MB)

pdfFarming statistics 1995-6 to 1999-2000.pdf(16.52 MB)

pdfFarming statistics 2000-1 to 2004-05.pdf(2.73 MB)

 

Copyright guide:


Copies of government records may be used freely for private research and educational purposes. If material is to be used for commercial publication, exhibition or broadcast the written permission of the Jane Cameron National Archives must first be obtained. Whenever material from the Jane Cameron National Archives is reproduced in any form or in any medium, the user must acknowledge the Jane Cameron National Archives as the source and give all document references. For non-government records it is your responsibility as the user to ensure that copyright is not infringed and any infringement that does occur is your responsibility.

 

Introduction

The first Wool Press was produced quarterly by the Department of Agriculture and only four issues were printed from June 1985 to May 1986. It was relaunched in September 1989. A farming orientated periodical it covers a wide range of topics of interest to those in farming as well as the wider community.

The Archives holds a complete set of the Wool Press.

From 2011 the Wool Press can be accessed on the Department of Agriculture’s website.

 Ag Dept Staff July 1944 - Miss Carter E enestrom Dr Gibbs T Beaty

Department of Agriculture Staff July 1944 - Miss Carter, E Enestrom, Dr Gibbs, T Beaty

pdfJun 1985-May 1986.pdf(8.79 MB)                                                                      pdf2002.pdf(22.89 MB)

pdfIndex - September 1989 to March 1998.pdf(524.97 KB)                                  pdf2003.pdf(20.54 MB)

pdf1989.pdf(18.49 MB)                                                                                             pdf2004.pdf(25.51 MB)

pdf1990.pdf(7.93 MB)                                                                                               pdf2005 Jan-Jun.pdf(18.31 MB)

pdf1991.pdf(7.58 MB)                                                                                               pdf2005 Jul-Dec.pdf(17.53 MB)

pdf1992.pdf(10.8 MB)                                                                                               pdf2006 Jan-Jun.pdf(15.35 MB)

pdf1993.pdf(10.75 MB)                                                                                             pdf2006 Jul-Dec.pdf(14.21 MB)

pdf1994.pdf(11.1 MB)                                                                                               pdf2007 Jan-Jun.pdf(13.01 MB)

pdf1995.pdf(8.64 MB)                                                                                               pdf2007 Jul-Dec.pdf(12.99 MB)

pdf1996.pdf(9.06 MB)                                                                                               pdf2008 Jan-Jun.pdf(15.87 MB)

pdf1997.pdf(11.57 MB)                                                                                             pdf2008 Jul-Dec.pdf(16.02 MB)

pdf1998.pdf(13.68 MB)                                                                                             pdf2009 Jan-Jun.pdf(16.11 MB)

pdf1999.pdf(24.37 MB)                                                                                             pdf2009 Jul-Dec.pdf(15.99 MB)

pdf2000.pdf(28.34 MB)                                                                                             pdf2010 Jan-Jun.pdf(16.27 MB)

pdf2001.pdf(17.15 MB)                                                                                             pdf2010 Jul-Dec.pdf(17.07 MB)

 

Copyright guide:

Copies of government records may be used freely for private research and educational purposes. If material is to be used for commercial publication, exhibition or broadcast the written permission of the Jane Cameron National Archives must first be obtained. Whenever material from the Jane Cameron National Archives is reproduced in any form or in any medium, the user must acknowledge the Jane Cameron National Archives as the source and give all document references. For non-government records it is your responsibility as the user to ensure that copyright is not infringed and any infringement that does occur is your responsibility.